A report produced by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and the Wildlife Trade Monitoring Network (TRAFFIC) indicate that approximately 45 elephants per day were illegally killed in 2011 in every two of five protected sites holding elephant populations in Africa.
The report said that this is due to the growing illegal trade in ivory, which continues to threaten the survival of elephants on the continent.The 17,000 elephants illegally killed in 2011 lived at sites monitored through the CITES-led Monitoring Illegal Killing of Elephants programme. The sites monitored hold approximately 40% of the total elephant population in Africa.
The joint report: Elephants in the Dust: The African Elephant Crisis warns that increasing poaching and loss of habitat, are threatening the survival of African elephant populations in Central Africa and in previously secure populations in West, Southern and Eastern Africa.